What future does artificial intelligence, this technology for exploiting computer data simulating human intelligence, hold in the world? To learn more, about fifteen speakers were invited March 15 and 16 Bliiida third place in Metz to discuss their experience of this current in constant progress.
An event called AI_Now, which throws into the debate as many reasons for hopes as fears. “The idea of our company came to us after seeing Iron Man”, poses without laugh William Simonin, CEO of Vivoka, specialized for four years in Metz in the voice assistants. From the superhero film to reality, there is only one robot: “In this saga, an artificial intelligence named Jarvis perfectly dialogs with its user and controls everything in its place. We wanted to create our own Jarvis with Zac, the raccoon constituting the interface of our voice assistant. Because we do not talk to his remote, but we discuss well with his dog, “says the young entrepreneur, perched on March 15 on a scene of the third place Bliiida hosted the first edition of the AI_Now appointment.
Posted by its founder Frédéric Schnur as the largest event dedicated to artificial intelligence in the East, this cycle of conferences for professionals – March 15 – as citizens lambda – the next day – tried to demystify the universe too often fantasized about AI. Especially through the concrete example of companies here, using in their activity all the innovation tools of this AI now everywhere, or almost. Despite the absence of the expected Secretary of State for Digital Mounir Mahjoubi, unexpected trip to Singapore, AI_Now has had no trouble to rise to the rank of great highway hexagonal digital: an e-health platform based on the AI (“with.fr”) has chosen to operate its national launch and companies like Vivoka, who is experimenting in world premiere this month the adaptation of his voice assistant to the aisles of a Parisian supermarket, have demonstrated a know-how worthy of international competition. “Freedom from human time” Why be interested in artificial intelligence, this set of techniques to design machines capable – through algorithms collecting and exploiting digital data – to simulate human intelligence? Because it can revolutionize the way of shopping: the voice assistant currently tested by Vivoka in Paris equips the consumer with a simple application at the entrance of the store, can detect his voice and answer any questions.
Want a wine that goes perfectly with barbecued meat? The device flashes the labels of the bottles that are most suitable for him. A problem finding the location of cookies? The app displays a map, to guide it to the precious sesames. “This feature also applies to online shopping: telling the voice assistant” put in my basket what it takes to make pancakes for four people “takes five seconds, instead of five minutes to click on each ingredient. Knowing that the assistant can also select products, organic or gluten-free, depending on your habits, “says William Simonin. The AI is, therefore, the hope of gaining additional lifetime: at DoctoCare, a healthcare group with 55 institutions in France, artificial intelligence “classifies and sorts medical records in the place of doctors “To” free up human time that can be deployed to other tasks, “says Bernard Bensaid, founder of the group and platform”
AI also facilitates the return to employment: the young push messine Xtramile uses since 2015 an AI-based program to find unsuspected candidates, through the exploitation of personal data deposited on the web. Web and real world “Our artificial intelligence program has allowed us to observe that the biggest candidate for a given job is not found on the traditional recruitment sites, but on social networks,” says Stéphanie Nenta Mbianda, General Manager of Xtramile. Data whose abundance and open access may be worrying, in case of malicious exploitation: “AI is exciting when it allows a decision-making aid or treatment of large volumes of information, but alarming when it is used to identify individuals from an entire population, as is the case in China with a state-of-the-art facial recognition software, “recalls Olivier Buchheit, creator of the company Sonopraxis, which provides advice including AI. “We deposit our personal data on the web with blind trust, whereas it is not the real world: we would never accept in real life that a person opens our door, to take a look at us.
We have been too fast in accepting the exploitation of these data, I must stop this bulimia and think. Others, on the contrary, argue for greater access to this personal information: “There is a huge problem in France is that the data of medical records are the property of the patient. You have to ask him for permission to exploit them, “says Bernard Bensaid on the AI_Now stage. Difficult, in this field of constant and chaotic innovations, to know precisely how far AI will go and what ethical safeguards it will have to obey. “Implants in the flesh have been tested in Sweden, allowing employees to open a door or activate a printer instead of a badge,” notes Olivier Buchheit. “The image of Terminator can make you smile, but the AI can clearly lead to troubled areas. ” What about ethics in all of that? “The artificial intelligence sector is progressing faster today than men think about the legal, ethical or political framework of this sector of activity,” says Yvan Delègue, director of digital innovation at Orange. “Fortunately, for now, the AI is still crashing a lot. Example: When Facebook let two AI software talk to each other and ended up inventing a distorted English language, they had to change it. Tesla cars, for their part, have seen their “autopilot” self-driving option postponed due to problems with the program.
Until the performance of AI improves, it would be good to “think” about what men want for their future, according to Olivier Buchheit, founder of Sonopraxis: “AI technologies, yes but whose service? Care should be taken to establish a framework for them. That they are used on behalf of the community, that the citizens use them in an enlightened way, and that the society has a responsible consumption. “